Within their scope of practice, accredited exercise physiologists must be able to design and prescribe safe, evidence-based exercise interventions for individuals suffering a range of musculoskeletal disorders. In this unit, students will analyse current scientific knowledge and understanding of musculoskeletal disorders and diseases, examine the mechanisms involved and the processes that lead to dysfunction and pain. Functional restoration, maintenance or adaptation forms a major focus of the unit. Methodological aspects of the clinical assessment of musculoskeletal disorders and diseases will be discussed together with the theory and practice of available exercise prescriptions and treatment therapies. The aim of this unit is to develop knowledge and skills in students to become proficient in the prescription of exercise as a prevention and management strategy for musculoskeletal disease, as a treatment strategy for injury, including sports injuries, and as a means of sustaining functional independence throughout the lifespan in a safe and effective manner.