This unit offers participants opportunities to explore key theoretical perspectives and current research on inclusive learning in school communities. The structure, content and assessment tasks are based on recognition of the multiple factors that contribute to contextual issues for inclusion of students with diverse learning needs in the school community. This unit covers a number of general issues that relate to inclusive educational contexts. Principles of social justice, equity, ‘normalisation’ and ‘least restrictive environment’ underlying inclusive practices are examined in light of legislation, policies, contemporary research and practice that recognise inclusion produces learning outcomes for all students. Relevant terminology, concepts and language are introduced. The unit also looks at the nature of inclusive approaches in the provision of education within broader socio-cultural contexts.